Legal Concerns

Glossary

Calibration

  • The testing and adjustment of an alcohol interlock device so that it accurately measures breath alcohol concentration.

Double jeopardy

  • A constitutional prohibition against a second prosecution after a person has been tried for the same offense.

Equal protection

  • A constitutional guarantee that all people in similar circumstances will be given equal protection under the law in their pursuit of life, liberty, property, and happiness.

Ex post facto

  • A constitutional prohibition against passing any law which punishes a person for an act which was lawful when it was committed.

Indigency

  • The inability to pay for goods and services; in the alcohol interlock case, it is the inability to pay for the cost of an alcohol interlock device.

Non-breath alcohol device

  • A device that prevents an intoxicated or impaired person from operating a motor vehicle that functions without the use of breath alcohol concentration measurements.

Separation of powers

  • The division of the government into three co-equal branches, whose functions are not allowed to encroach upon the other branches. The legislative branch makes the laws; the executive branch carries out the laws; and the judicial branch interprets the laws.